After the athlete has secured the sample, along with the accompanying paperwork, it is sent to the lab for analysis. The identity of the athlete remains anonymous. However, the list of medications, supplements, and other substances that the athlete has declared is not. It is important that the athlete lists all their current TUEs as well.
Click each step below to understand the various steps in the results management process.
Step 1: Analysis of the sample by the WADA accredited laboratory
Upon collection, the sample is divided in to two: referred to as the “A sample” and the “B sample.” For urine samples, the volume of the “A sample” is approximately 90ml while that of the “B sample” is approximately 30ml. The sample is analyzed by a WADA accredited laboratory and the results are reported simultaneously to WADA, the International Federation for that sport, as well as to the Anti-Doping Organization (ADO) responsible for results management of that particular athlete/event.
Step 2: Adverse Analytical Finding
If there is an Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF) on the “A sample,” the organization responsible for results management will conduct an initial review. If the initial review supports the AAF, the athlete is notified in writing of the results, and the athlete rights regarding the analysis of his/her “B sample.”
Step 3: “B sample” Analysis
If the athlete requests the B sample analysis and should the “B sample” analysis confirm the “A sample” analysis, the responsible ADO will proceed with the results management process including the athlete’s right to a fair hearing. In the event the “B sample” analysis does not confirm the “A sample” analysis, no further action with respect to an Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV) will be taken.
Step 4: Hearing
The hearing will determine if an Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV) has occurred as well as determine what sanctions will be imposed on the athlete and/or support personnel.
Step 5: Sanctions
When an Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV) has been established, an independent panel will determine what sanctions will apply to each individual case and the athlete will be given the opportunity to establish a basis for eliminating or reducing the sanction. Sanctions for an ADRV may range from a public warning to a lifetime ban. For in-competition testing, this will automatically include the disqualification of results obtained in that competition and forfeiture of any medals, points, and prizes.