The acronym LGBTQ+ collectively refers to lesbiangaybisexualtransgender, and queer people—a broad coalition of groups that are diverse with respect to gender and sexual orientation.1 In a research context, LGBTQ+ people are also often referred to as sexual and gender minority, or SGM, people.2

  1. Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Issues and Research Gaps and Opportunities. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People: Building a Foundation for Better Understanding. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011. 1, Introduction. Available from:
  2. National Institutes of Health Office of Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion. Sexual & Gender Minority. Accessed March 6, 2021.